Graphical Construction Glossary >> Tools. >> Hand Tools >> Blacksmiths Vise

Blacksmiths Vise
A large strong steel vise that has a leg that sits on the floor to absorb the shock of any hammering.
The the rounded or sharp thin end of a hammer head opposite the face
Ball Peen Hammer
A hammer with a hemispherical head opposite the face.
Straight Peen Hammer
A hammer with a sharp head opposite the face and parallel to the handle.
Cross Peen Hammer
A hammer with a sharp head opposite the face and at right angles to the handle.
Sledge Hammer
A large heavy two handed hammer with two faces.
Warrington Hammer.
A small cross peen hammer used by woodworkers for driving small pins or nails.

The vise at the right is typical of the ones used in blacksmith's shops. They are built very heavy and of course their main feature is the leg that sits on the floor. This leg takes the shock of any hammering work that has to be done. At the same time it is bolted to the top of the bench by heavy bolts.

A lot of blacksmith's tools are very specific to the trade, but some of them are in wide use throughout the building industry.

types of hammers

The hammers at A is known as a Ball Peen Hammer and it is used by many trades. B is known as a Straight Peen Hammer and is used mainly by metal workers. C is a Cross Peen Hammer that is in general use mostly in lighter weight sizes. D is a larger cross Peen used by metalworkers.

small blacksmiths hammers

Above are a couple of Cross Peen Hammers that could be seen in any metalworking shop.

a large vise

A smith usinng a straight Peen hammer
A smith using a Straight Peen hammer
Photo thanks to Wikimedia Commons, User:

As with all hammers there is not only variety in the shape, for different uses, but also in the size and weight. The smith above needs a hammer that is just right to do the job before the metal cools. Anything smaller would take too long and anything larger would have less control.

A smith using a striker and assistant on the sledge hammer
A smith using a striker and assistant on the sledge hammer
Photo thanks to Wikimedia Commons, User:

A typical activity in a smithy. The smith holds and turns the material as required while with the smaller single faced striker hammer he belts the hot metal where he wants the main blow to strike. His assistant strikes the same spot with a heavy two handed Sledge Hammer. This action of light blows followed by heavy ones is a repeated procedure until the work is placed in the forge again.

A small pin hammer
A small pin hammer
Photo thanks to Wikimedia Commons, User:

Above is a small cross peen hammer that in the UK is known as a Warrington Hammer. It has a light weight and quite a long handle and it is used for driving in panel pins or small nails. Using for fixing beading around glazing in doors and windows,

For more on a ball peen hammer.

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Please Note! The information on this site is offered as a guide only!  When we are talking about areas where building regulations or safety regulations could exist,the information here could be wrong for your area.  It could be out of date!  Regulations breed faster than rabbits!
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