Graphical Construction Glossary >> Doors. >> Door Hinges >> Butt Hinge
All the hinges on this page are classed as mortise hinges. That is they sit in recesses in the timber door and frame. They are edge-fixed to the door and jamb. This is the normal way of achieving a neat and tradesman like job, but depending on circumstances they can be face fixed, or recessed at the door only. This occurs quite a lot when fixing to metal jambs. However there is a different category altogether for this work of fixing metal to metal or metal to wood See Non-Mortised Hinges.
Above are two typical butt-hinges used in their hundreds of thousands for fixing standard doors.
Smaller versions of these hinges are available for fixing lighter doors to cupboards etc. It used to be common to see 75mm high hinges used on internal residential doors, but they are not specified these days. The cost saving is negligible if any, so 100mm high is now a universal hinge size for standard house and commercial doors.
The on the right shows a hinge that is a step up in quality.
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