Graphical Construction Glossary >> Woodwork. >> >> Lumber Timber

Lumber Timber
Wood from trees that has been converted into usable sections for the woodworking trades
A perennial plant with a woody structure that is exogenous. That is it grows on the outside, a small amount each year. The source of wood.
The wood at the centre of a tree. The oldest and best quality
The wood between the heartwood and the bark of a tree. Not as resistant to decay as heartwood.
The central core of a log, soft with no strength and seen as a fault in timber.
Medullary Rays
Cells or ribbons of tissue in a tree that extend from the pith to the bark to move food horizontally in the tree.

a section  through a tree
A section through a tree showing some of the terms used.

The feature of a tree is that it grows a certain amount each year and that it does this by adding an extra layer to the outside.

This exogenous growth provides the tree and the timber or lumber that we get out of it with those growth rings that that give us the grain.

The main cells in the tree trunk are aligned vertically but the medullary rays, that range from microscopic and indetectable by eye, to probably 12mm or 1/2" wide .

These rays are seen as a decorative feature of a few hardwoods and the one that seems to provide the largest of them all is English Oak.

medullary rays
The medullary rays seen clearly on this piece of unfinished English Oak.

If you didn't find exactly what you are looking for try this search tool that will search the site and the web.

"What can be added to the happiness of a man who is in health, out of debt, and has a clear conscience?
Adam Smith 1723-1790

"When we build, let us think that we build for ever."John Ruskin 1819-1900

coates hire
Hire Equipment
Furniture Fittings - Architectural Hardware - Electronic Locking Systems - Technical Hardware
BuilderBill sponsorship

BuilderBill Books

building maths
Building Maths

Stair Design
asbestos ebook
Asbestos Book

Calculator Pages.

Concrete yardage calculator

Reader's Questions.

Questions and answers.



Please Note! The information on this site is offered as a guide only!  When we are talking about areas where building regulations or safety regulations could exist,the information here could be wrong for your area.  It could be out of date!  Regulations breed faster than rabbits!
You must check your own local conditions.
Copyright © Bill Bradley 2007-2012. All rights reserved.
Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape