Graphical Construction Glossary >> masonry. >> stonework >> Masonry Buttress
Above are two shots of the exterior of Cartmel Priory Church in Cumbria, UK
On the left is a buttress that is square off the wall that it is bonded to. On the right is a diagonal buttress that is at an angle to two walls.
Buttresses are used against external walls to resist the thrust from the roof timbers trying to spread.
Unusual brick buttresses to a wall at the 12Th century Knights Templar, Cressing Temple Barns in Essex, UK
There are quite a few photographs on these pages that have perspective issues and converging verticals (a bit like the photographer really :-) but this wall really is leaning and because the bricks all seem to look the same it makes me think that this might have been a bit of swift remedial action not long after the wall was built. Note, it's not a retaining wall.
The problem with trying to split glossary definitions up into handy categories is that there will inevitably be items that can go into a few places. I show more about buttress and the reason for them in this roofing section.
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