Graphical Construction Glossary >> Temporary Work. >> shoring >> raking shore
A Khmer temple in the Word Heritage listed Angkor Wat Historical Area. As you can see the 800 years old structures are in need of support. In fact a lot more than they are getting.
The art of shoring up old or damaged building is a very delicate one and should only be done by experts, preferably under the supervision of a good structural engineer. In cases like the one shown above there is a very real danger of collapse, so any false move could cause an accident, to workers and the structure.
Plainly said, the shores are there leaning against the building, nice and snug, and braced to stop them moving, but they are not used to push the structure in any way.
SHORING IS TO STOP MATTERS GETTING WORSE, BUT NOT TO RECTIFY ANY PROBLEMS.
When I was a young guy in Northern England I lived in an area that suffered from subsidence due to coal mining. The sketch above is how we used to shore up houses that had started to give at the seams.
The main point to take from this sketch is the the raker and the wall plate do not just sit there under their own weight. They have to be fixed to the wall, and a couple of masonry anchors will not do it. The method commonly used was to put a needle into the brickwork and a cleat to stop it moving.
The single raker was OK but far more often we used a double raking shore, even on only two story buildings.
For more on this type of shoring, the setting out etc. go to the next page
For non glossary articles of a general and how to nature go to the formwork section on this site.
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