Slab edge formwork on suspended slabs
There is no one method for all slab edge formwork, it's a question of suiting available materials to the job.
Shutters to the edge of a suspended slab between columns
The edge formwork is fixed to the slab form sheets or the beam sheets run wider than necessary to fix the edge forms to. In the photo above note the cleats nailed to the deck ply to stop the bottom kicking out, and the cleats on the top of the shutters at the corners, hold one to the other..
Edge forms at walls
At the right you can see a couple of V-Shore frames on the outside of the block wall to support the edge form. This is an easy way to do it if you have plenty V-shore on site, and more to the point if you have the room.
Where the depth of the concrete is less, another way of holding the edges is a bit easier. The shutters are held up with timbers to the ground. They are held tight into the wall by tie wire that is tied around the vertical reinforcing bars that are already concreted into the block walls.
Edge support bolted to the wall it is sitting on.
A far more positive and strong way of forming an edge to a slab that is sitting on a wall is in the sketch below.
If the wall is blockwork as in the sketch, then holes are drilled and bolts are used to pull the forms tightly to the wall.
If it is a previously poured concrete wall, you then use the same bolt holes that were used in the wall pour.
The blockwork itself as an edge form
Just a quick note here. Hollow concrete walls have almost no strength before the concrete corefill has been placed. On all but the most trivial of jobs, the corefill goes in first. Providing a solid base for further work.
Don't be tempted to save on concrete pump hire by pouring the walls and slab in one session. The concrete mix is different for the walls and the slab. The forces involved in clamping the edge forms and even just the forming of the decks can easily dislodge blocks.
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